Sunday, November 6, 2016

Translations of some Mahakavi Bharathi songs- Arranged in Alphabetical order

Translations of  forty Mahakavi Bharathi    songs-  Arranged   in Alphabetical order

By
P.R.Ramachander



“Chinnaswami Subramania Bharathi (11 December 1882 – 11 September 1921) was an Indian  writer, poet, journalist, Indian independence activist  and social reformer from Tamil Nadu . Popularly known as "Mahakavi Bharathi", he was a pioneer of modern Tamil poetry and is considered one of the greatest Tamil literary figures of all time. His numerous works were fiery songs kindling patriotism and nationalism during the Indian Independence movement.
Born in Ettayapuram of Tirunelveli district in 1882, Bharathi had his early education in Tirunelveli  and Varanasi and worked as a journalist with many newspapers, notable among them being the Swadesamitran and India. Bharathi was also an active member of the Indian National Congress . In 1908, an arrest warrant was issued against Bharathi by the government of British India  for his revolutionary activities, forcing him to flee to Pondicherry , where he lived until 1918.
Bharathi's works were on varied themes covering religious, political and social aspects. Songs penned by Bharathi are widely used in Tamil films and music concerts.”
Bharati is considered as one of the pioneers of modern Tamil literature. Bharati used simple words and rhythms, unlike his previous century works in Tamil, which had complex vocabulary. He also employed novel ideas and techniques in his devotional poems.  He used a metre called Nondi Chindu in most of his works, which was earlier used by Gopalakrisha Bharathiyar. Bharati's poetry expressed a progressive, reformist ideal. His imagery and the vigour of his verse were a forerunner to modern Tamil poetry in different aspects. He was the forerunner of a forceful kind of poetry that combined classical and contemporary elements. He had a prodigious output penning thousands of verses on diverse topics like Indian Nationalism, love songs, children's songs, songs of nature, glory of the Tamil language, and odes to prominent freedom fighters of India like Tilak , Gandhi  and Lajpat Rai. He even penned an ode to New Russia and Belgium . His poetry not only includes works on Hindu deities like Shakti, Kali, Vinayagar, Murugan, Sivan, Kannan(Krishna), but also on other religious gods like Allah and Jesus. His insightful similies have been read by millions of Tamil readers. He was well-versed in various languages and translated speeches of Indian National reform leaders like Aurabindo, Bala Gangadar Tilak and Swami Vivekananda.”  (From  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subramania_Bharati )



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