Prithvi linga in Ekambareswarar temple of Kanchipuram and Muthuswami deekshithar kruthi
Ekambareswarar temple (Derived from Eka amreswarar i.e Lord of the single mango tree-He is also called as Ma moola natha) is located in the town of Kanchipuram.There is a great story attached to this temple. It seems just for fun Goddess Parvathi closed the eyes of Lord Shiva . His eyes being Sun and moon , the entire world became very dark and there was a chaos in the world. Then Lord Shiva cursed Goddess to be born as a human being. Later he pardoned her and told her to do his worship and penance under a great mango tree in Kanchipuram .In order to test her devotion it seems he sent fire to destroy the idol of sand which she was worshipping .Goddess Parvathi requested her brother Lord Vishnu to save her .Lord Vishnu took the moon from Shiva’s head and showed it to the fire and the fire got cooled down .Later Lord shiva sent river ganges to destroy the Linga. Since river ganges was the sister of Goddess Parvathi she also did not destroy the lingam.(some legends say that Shiva sent river Vegavathi to destroy the Linga and God vishu lay down on the way to prevent the river water from reaching the Linga).But when Goddess Parvathi hugged the Linga for saving it, God Shiva was pleased and came there and married her beneath that mango tree.(Because of this Lord Shiva there is called in Tamil as THazhuva Kuzhaindanar-He who got pleased by an embrace and Ekamra Natha-Lord of single mango tree). This mango tree is supposed to be 3500 years old and yields four different type of mangoes in its four main branches). The name of the Goddess is Kamakshi but she does not have a temple in this complex or any other Shiva temple in Kanchipuram and has a separate temple of her own as Kamakshi in Kanchipuram .It is also believed that Lord Shiva and Goddess Kamakshi danced in this place to save the world. The temple occupies an area of 23 acres. The Raja Gopuram(main tower at entrance) to this temple is 59 meters high and is one of the tallest in South India. The temple has a thousand pillared hall .Since the Linga worshipped by Goddess Parvathi was made of sand , this Linga is believed to be Prithivi Lingam. Muthuswamy Deekshithar, one of the trinity of Carnatic music has composed the following Krithi in praise of the Lord Ekambareswarar:-
Chinthayaa maa kandha moola kandham
Chinthaya maa kandha moola kandha ,
Chetha sri Somaskandham.
Oh mind , meditate on the Somaskandha* ,
Who sits under the mango tree and who is the basic God
*A panel of Shiva, with uma and Skana(Somaskanda) is there below the mango tree.
SAnthatham akhanda sachid anandam ,
Samrajya pradha* charanara vindham
*Lord is believed have given kingdom to Pallavas
He is always the endless divine joy ,
Whose lotus like feet would give an empire.
Mangala kara mandahasa vadanam,
Manikhya maya Kanchi sadanam,
Anga soundharya vijitha madanam
Anthaka soodanam KUndha radhanam,
(Madhyama kala SAhithyam)
Uthunga kamaneeya vrusha thurangam bhairavi prasngam*,
Guru guhantharangam Pruthvee lingam.
*Embraced by Parvathi
He has an auspicious shining face ,
He lives in Kanchi which is filled with Manikhya gems,
He has won over God of love by his beauty ,
He is the killer of God of death and has teeth like jasmine,
(Madhyama Kala Sahithyam)
He rides on a tall and very pretty bull and is the consort of Bhairavi,
He is in the mind of Guruguha and is there as a Linga made of earth.