Appu linga of Jambukeswaram or Thiruvanaikaval and deekshithar’s pancha bhutha sthala Krithi on Appu linga
Jambukeswaram called as Thiruvanai kaval or Thiruvanai kovil is situated in the Srirangam Island between the rivers Cauvery and Kollidam . It houses the temple of Lord Shiva called Jambukeswara, where the linga is always made wet by the waters of river Cauvery. There is a very interesting story about the origin of this temple . It seems Goddess Parvathi mocked at lord Shiva about his penance and he cursed her to do penance in a forest of Jambu trees(Rose apple trees) . She went to the forest and made a linga out of the waters of river Cauvery and was doing penance there under a Jambu tree . Later Lord Shiva appeared before her personally and Goddess Parvathi as Akhilandeswari(Goddess of all the world) was given Upadesa by him .At that time she was facing east and the God was facing west.
Meanwhile Two Shiva Ganas called Malyavan and Pushpadantha kept on fighting with each other and caused problem to the God. While fighting Malyavan cursed Pushpa dantha to be born as an elephant and Pushpa dantha cursed Malyavan to become a spider. Both of them came to this Jambu forest and started worshipping Lord Shiva.Pushpa Dantha used to bring water in his trunk and anoint the God. The spider daily used to build nets and wanted to protect the linga from Sun light. The elephant was greatly agitated and during the fight the spider entered the trunk of the elephant and killed him. Due to that sin, the spider was born as a Chozha king called “Kochengol chozhan ” . It was this king who built this great temple. It seems that he was very particular that no elephant should be able to approach the God and so the final entrance of the temple is only four feet high and two and half feet wide.
Akhilandeswari is outside the sanctum and is facing east .It seems she was having a look of great anger. Adhi Sankara who happened to come here consecrated an idol of Ganapathi before her and she became extremely peaceful, for how can a mother be angry while seeing her eldest son. Akhilandeswari is supposed to do the noon Pooja at this temple and so the priest wears a Sari while doing pooja.
There are five prakaras around the temple and It is believed that Lord built the fifth Prakara himself .IN that prakara is a wall which is one mile long, 25 feet high and two feet thick. In the fourth prakara the wall is 2436 feet long there are 796 pillars. The temple runs a school for learning Nadaswaram.I am giving below the krithi of Muthuswamy deekshithar about this temple
Ragam Yamuna kalyani
Jambu pathe maam pahi , nija ananda amrutha bodham dehi
Oh lord of rose apple tree , protect me and give me true joy of nectar like consciousness.
Ambujasanadhi sakala deva namana ,
THumburu nutha hrudaya thapopasamana ,
Ambudhi ganga Cauvery Yamuna ,
Kambu kandya akhilandeswari Ramana.
Oh Lord saluted ny Lord Brahma and all other devas ,
Who is prayed to by THumburu, who pacifies the pain of the mind ,
Who is like the ocean, river ganges , Cauvery and Yamuna ,
Who is the consort of Akhilandeswari with conch like neck.
(note the mention of several water bodies by the composer)
Parvathja prarthitha appu linga Vibho,
Pancha bhootha maya prapancha prabho,
SArva jeeva dayakara shambho,
Samajatavi nilaya swayambho,
SArva karuna sudhaa sindho,
Saranagatha vathsalartha bandho ,
Anirvachaneeya nadha bindho,
Nithya mouli vidrutha gangendho,
(Madhyama kala sahithyam)
Nirvikalpaka Samadhi nishta shiva kalpaka tharo ,
Nirvisesha chaithanya niranjana guru guha guro.
Oh Lord of linga of water prayed to by daughter of mountain,
Oh Lord of the world which is made of the five elements ,
Oh Shambho who is kind to all beings ,
Oh self made one who stays in the forest of Sama Veda/elephants ,
Oh sea of nectar of mercy called Sarva,
Oh friend of those suffering people who have surrendered to you,
Oh indefinable musical sound ,
Oh Lord who carries the Ganga on his head daily .
(Madhyama kala Sahithya)
Oh divine tree of Lord Shiva who is in unwavering Samadhi ,
Oh Guru of Lord Subramanya who has absolute spirit and is stainless